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Should I be using ETAS in the CASA exam?

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Matty76 created the topic: Should I be using ETAS in the CASA exam?

Hi I’ve been going through a couple of the online bob tait exams and I’ve noticed that without using ETAS on my E6B for GS calculations my answers are correct, I was just wondering if I should be using ETAS in the CASA exam or calculating the ground speed from just adding or subtracting the wind from the TAS alone?

Thanks!
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  • John.Heddles
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John.Heddles replied the topic: Should I be using ETAS in the CASA exam?

I'm in the process of answering another, but similar, question so I can post that reply here as well when I finish doing some graphics workup.

Just to confirm, though - the E6B to which you refer is a Dalton (ie slide) nav computer, not the Jeppesen CR style ? The reason I need to ask is that there is so much variation in naming these days that it is hard to know what titles might actually refer to ...

Points I can figure from your question -

(a) if a Dalton, then you certainly will get the right answer without worrying about ETAS as ETAS has nothing to do with the Dalton vector solution. You don't do an ETAS calculation with the Dalton - it's just not required. ETAS only has any relevance for the CR solution which works on a different triangle for the solution. More interestingly, you might have a little difficulty figuring ETAS on the Dalton unless you have a square grid on the slide - certainly, I can't recall a Dalton with any trig data on the slide rule scales, such as the CR has.

(b) for the CR solution, the GS calculation is based on adding/subtracting the TW/HW component to/from the GS-resolved TAS (which we call, for want of some other more useful term, ETAS). It is ALWAYS relevant to determine ETAS for this solution. However, as the drift (wind correction angle in US parlance) gets smaller, the difference between TAS and ETAS gets smaller. As you get down to drift angles of, say, 5 degrees or less the difference is sufficiently small that we might just as well ignore it and use TAS in lieu of ETAS. Even with slightly higher drift angles the difference is not all that great.

(c) you can only use TAS for the GS calculation on the CR if the wind is aligned with the TR vector so that HDG = TR and there is nil drift. Otherwise, you must use ETAS, with the proviso that, for small drift angles, the difference between TAS and ETAS is very small and you can approximate ETAS by TAS. But, why bother ? Just use ETAS all the time and you only have one technique to apply - the answer remains essentially the same either way ....

(d) for the Dalton, there is no requirement to strain the brain by figuring wind components - the magic triangle picture does it all for you, easy peasy.

Engineering specialist in aircraft performance and weight control.
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Matty76 replied the topic: Should I be using ETAS in the CASA exam?

Thanks for the reply John I’ve been using the Jeppesen ASA-E6B-CIRC. I’ll make sure to use ETAS for all future calculations!

Thanks again!
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John.Heddles replied the topic: Should I be using ETAS in the CASA exam?

Ah, that's the Jepp CR style. A good example of the naming problem - E-6B was a US Army Air Corps designation for the Dalton. For some obscure, presumably marketing ploy, some manufacturers have taken to mixing this name and that in recent years. See, for instance, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E6B .

If you always work with ETAS on the CR-style instrument for the wind triangle solution, you can't go wrong; for that is the "correct" trigonometric solution approach.

It never ceases to amaze me, the extent to which folks get all tangled and twisted with ETAS and approximations with smaller drift angles - just use the one technique and you will have less of a problem all round.

Engineering specialist in aircraft performance and weight control.
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