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## Exam questions

• danparker86
• Topic Author

### danparker86 created the topic: Exam questions

Hi all,

Just completed a cyber practice exam and had issues with 2 questions perhaps someone can help?

1. You are about to overfly an NDB station from the east, what fixed card indication would verify your correct passage over the station?

I chose the needle changing from 270 to 090.

What did I do wrong here?

2. You are to plan a flight which requires an alternate.
Details are

Cruise time 150 mins
Alternate 30 mins

Cruise fuel flow 120 LPH
Fixed reserve 45 mins at cruise rate
Variable reserve 15% of flight fuel available
15L taxi fuel

What is the fuel required for the flight?

I worked out 455L?

And picked 470L but got it wrong I tried a few different methods but couldn't get it right on the answers given
Not only does this concern me exam wise but I don't feel safe knowing a i cant get this right... In the real world you don't get a practice I feel I have missed something here and I'd really like to know what I did wrong.

Thanks alot!

-Dan Parker

• dtrembath

### dtrembath replied the topic: Re: Exam questions

Hi

Passage over NDB ...needle reciprocates (ie turns 180 degrees)

Fuel: (150 + 30) x 1.15 + 45 = 252 minutes = 4.2 hours
4.2 x 120 = 504 litres + 15 taxi = 519 litres

CORRECTION: after Richard's bit .... tried too quickly, didn't read all the info

My shot at it ...

David

• Posts: 1169

### Richard replied the topic: Re: Exam questions

Hi Dan,

The first problem refers to a fixed card ADF. In that case the needle will swing from the North position 360 o (straight ahead) round to South 180 o assuming no wind. It wouldn't matter which way you approached the NDB, the needle will always swing from "the nose" round to "the tail" as you fly over the top.

As for your other question, I don't know what other answer options were available but this is how I would work out the fuel required:

Fuel at start-up = (Fuel to dest + fuel to alternate) x 1.15 + fixed reserve + taxi allowance
= (150 minutes @ 120L/hr + 30 minutes @ 120L/hr) x 1.15 + 45 minutes @ 120 L/hr + 15 L
= (150x120/60 + 30x120/60) x 1.15 + 45x120/60 + 15
= 360 x 1.15 + 90 + 15
= 519 litres will be required in the tanks at start-up.

This assumes you need to apply the 15% variable reserve which, as you know, applies to all commercial flights. It also assumes the question wants the fuel at start-up. If the question wants the fuel at take-off, ignore the start-up and taxi allowance of 15L since that will have been burnt off by the time you line up for take-off.

Remember, the variable reserve applies to the flight fuel to the destination as well as the flight fuel to get to the alternate. You therefore calculate the variable reserve by multiplying the total flight fuel required by 1.15. The fixed reserve is simply 45 minutes at 120L per hour.

Cheers,

Rich

• dtrembath

### dtrembath replied the topic: Re: Exam questions

Hi Richard

Saw my error ... have corrected it ... should read the question ...

Regards
David

• Posts: 1169

### Richard replied the topic: Re: Exam questions

No worries - glad you got the same answer. Are you still up late studying, David? Good luck with your exam! It's tomorrow isn't it?

• dtrembath

### dtrembath replied the topic: Re: Exam questions

Yep ..... I really like the topic ... very interesting and useful.
I'm doing it just for the challenge.

I put a post up earlier re a couple of questions I had 'issues' with from the Cybe Exams ... can you please clarify any of that for me ..

As an educator for some 39 years now, and having done all the CPL exams, I find the CASA examination not a real challenge on skills, knowledge and understanding ... more about 'other things' .. no need to expand on that, I think that has been flogged to death ... but no change from CASA ...

Oh well ...

Regards
David

• danparker86
• Topic Author

### danparker86 replied the topic: Re: Exam questions

Hi guys,

Another one that's got me stumped!

A vfr charter flight is planned from alpha 2904S 14722E to bravo 3213S 14833E on July 10.

Total flight time is 2hr 10 mins

The latest ETD Aplha in UTC is -

A)0731
B)0521
C)0741
D)0531

Somehow I came up with 0623z I'm lost what on earth am I doing wrong?

Thanks guys!

-Dan Parker

• danparker86
• Topic Author

### danparker86 replied the topic: Re: Exam questions

Also thanks to Richard and David for helping out on that, to clarify... Flight fuel variable reserve needs to be multiplied for total fuel then add reserve and taxi if needed? Or add total flight fuel fixed reserve then multiply and then add taxi fuel?

• Posts: 1169

### Richard replied the topic: Re: Exam questions

Hi Dan,

Variable reserve applies to flight fuel and flight fuel is the fuel you need to get to your destination and eventually on to your alternate. So, yes, you multiply the flight fuel total by 1.15 to get the flight fuel plus variable reserve.

To that amount you add your fixed reserve which is either specified as a certain quantity of fuel or a period of reserve at a specified fuel flow. On top of that you then add your start-up and taxi allowance and any holding fuel you need.

Here's the workflow:
```Flight fuel       .....
+ Alternate fuel   .....
-----------------------
apply 15% Variable .....  (multiply total above by 1.15)
+ fixed reserve    .....
+ holding fuel     .....
+ taxi/start-up    .....
========================
TOTAL FUEL REQUIRED ....```

Remember, variable reserve is not required on private flights according to CAAP 234.

As for the question on latest departure time, you need to arrive 10 minutes before last light. So, to solve the problem try this:

1) find EOD at Bravo using the EOD chart in the AIP.
2) Take 10 minutes off this time to get your latest permitted ETA at Bravo.
3) Convert that to UTC using the arc to time table in the AIP
4) Subtract 2hr 10 minute from this to get the latest departure time from Alpha in UTC.

If the question had wanted the latest departure time at Alpha, you would then convert the UTC answer to Alpha's local time using the Arc to Time table.

The trick with time questions is to ensure you are always working with the same time zone, usually UTC. Have another go, post your working and we'll take another look at it if you want.

Cheers,

Rich

EDIT: Corrected flight time to read 2hr 10 minutes.

• Posts: 1914