×
PPL Video Lectures (10 Jul 2020)

PPL Video Lectures covering Aerodynamics, General Knowledge, Performance, Meteorology And Navigation are now available through our website see front page for details.

× Welcome to the IREX question and answer forum. Please feel free to post your questions but more importantly also suggest answers for your forum colleagues. Bob himself or one of the other tutors will get to your question as soon as we can.

Rated Coverage

• Posts: 21

Don created the topic: Rated Coverage

Hi!
Below question is from CASA IREX sample questions. There is a similar question given in Bob Tait's IREX book in Page # 139, Question 15.
But in this question they emphasize "By night". Would the answer be different when it comes to night ?
You are tasked on an IFR flight, by night, from point ALPHA to point BRAVO, 320 nm apart. You plan for A080 and an average groundspeed of 180 knots. The aircraft GPS is unserviceable.
Point ALPHA is an unlicensed aerodrome without any navigation aid. Point BRAVO has an NDB. There are no other navigation aids enroute, and IMC may be expected. With regards to the requirements of track keeping, what rated coverage (by night) for the NDB at point BRAVO would you assess as the minimum for the flight to proceed safely?
Answer 6.39 X R = 320 R is = 50 nm

Thank you!

• Posts: 562

Stuart Tait replied the topic: Rated Coverage

G'day Don

That is a distractor though the rated coverage can be reduced at night that's not what the question is asking.

Cheers

• John.Heddles
• Offline
• ATPL/consulting aero engineer
• Posts: 624

John.Heddles replied the topic: Rated Coverage

Concur with Stuart - in operations, you would be considering the AIP rated coverage at night. However, that is not material to the question's solution.

Aside - you might be able to fill in the following question of mine ?

Can't immediately see whence comes the 6.39 factor in your answer, although it is very close to 1/tan(9°) = 6.31 per ENR 1.1.4.1.1(b) at p ENR 1.1-27.

Generally, we don't get students to worry about trig stuff. However, most students seem to favour the Jepp whizz wheel which has sine and cosine scales incorporated so it is worthwhile knowing how to use them and they are there for a bunch of pilot calculations should you so desire.

You could figure the "correct" answer as

coverage = 320 x tan(9) = 320 x sin(9)/cos(9) = 50.7 which we would round off to 51.

I don't have a copy of the BT IREX book but I presume the 6.39 comes from an approximate work up in that text ?

Engineering specialist in aircraft performance and weight control.

• Posts: 562

Stuart Tait replied the topic: Rated Coverage

Attachments:
The following user(s) said Thank You: Don

• John.Heddles
• Offline
• ATPL/consulting aero engineer
• Posts: 624

John.Heddles replied the topic: Rated Coverage

Thanks for that, Stuart.

My take on the tracking definition is that tangent is the more correct ratio, albeit that the difference is minimal.

No matter, either can be had from the Jepp whizz wheel, which is of importance to the user. On that point, why did you use cosecant instead of the more familiar sine ratio ?

Engineering specialist in aircraft performance and weight control.