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Exercise A3 question 30 Aerodynamics

• Posts: 3

Jase88 created the topic: Exercise A3 question 30 Aerodynamics

Hi Bob,

I am a little stumped by this question.
Refer to the diagram at left. The speed marked S would represent.
A) Maximum endurance in level fligh
Minumum litres per hour in level flight
C) Maximum nauticle miles per litre
D) Minimum speed in level

C is correct but to me the first 3 are all the same.

Am i missing something obvious here?

Kind regards,
Jason

• Posts: 111

Carello replied the topic: Exercise A3 question 30 Aerodynamics

Yes "C" is the correct answer.

Point "S" on the curve is Vmd (V min drag) and will give the best "Specific Air Range" (SAR) - ie best range per unit of fuel burnt in still air. Note that in level flight T=D.

Answers A & B are the same and relate to max endurance. Answer B is just another way of saying max endurance.

Max endurance occurs when the "Specific Fuel Consumption" (SFC) is at a minimum - ie when the fuel burnt per unit time (ie FF in lt/hr) is at a minimum. For a piston engine aircraft this typically occurs at Vmp - ie V min power.

Note that Vmd is not the same as Vmp.

The above only considers the airframe. When the engine-airframe is considered as a whole the story changes a little.

I hope this helps!

• Posts: 2106

bobtait replied the topic: Exercise A3 question 30 Aerodynamics

The curve shown is the THRUST curve. So the speed indicated is minimum THRUST, that's the same as minimum DRAG which is maximum RANGE in still air. Maximum range is the same as maximum nautical miles per litre. (a) and (b) both refer to maximum ENDURANCE which is minimum POWER not minimum THRUST.

(a) and (b) would both be correct if the curve shown had been the POWER curve.